Americans Mark Dugan and John Boessenecker, both authorities on western outlaw history, co-wrote a biography of Ezra Allen ‘Bill’ Miner, The Grey Fox (University of Oklahoma Press, 1992) which revealed B.C.’s so-called ‘gentleman bandit’ –- charmingly portrayed in the Philip Borsos movie by Richard Farnsworth and credited with originating use of the phrase “hands up” during robberies –- was a sodomist and a pedophile.

[BCBW 2003]