HILL, Ray




Author Tags: Anthropology, First Nations

When his wife Beth Hill $2,000 for research of coastal petrglyphs, Ray Hill used the money to buy a fishboat for their mutual investigations, visiting Indian bands and asking to see any rock carvings. "We spent an entire three months on the fishboat eating mostly rice and fish," Beth Hill once told Deborah Pearce of the Times Colonist, "because we had very little money." They eventually published Indian Petroglyphs of the Pacific Northwest (Hancock House, 1974).

British Columbia has long been the 'hotbed' of petroglyphs or rock art, and research into rock art, in Canada. Tracing discoveries on Vancouver Island by anthropologist Franz Boas, Harlan I. Smith, an archaeologist with the National Museum, wrote many of the earliest accounts of petroglyph sites along the West Coast (1906-1936). James A. Teit also reported on pictographs of the interior B.C. (1896-1930). His work was extensively augmented by apiarist John Corner who published an illustrated survey in 1968. From 1936 to 1942, Francis J. Barrow documented south coastal sites. H. Thomas Cain published a pioneering volume called Petroglyphs of Central Washington from the University of Washington Press in 1950. Norwegian archaeologist Gutorm Gjessing, published two studies of B.C. rock art in 1952 and 1958 having undertaken a cross-Canada inventory in 1946-47. A little-known novelist named Edward Meade recorded petroglyphs from Washington State to Alaska in 1949, publishing his findings in 1971. Beth and Ray Hill expanded upon earlier sources to produce their illustrated study in 1974. It has been followed by Mary and Ted Bentley's study of petroglyphs on Gabriola Island, as well as They Write Their Dreams on the Rock Forever: Rock Writings in the Stein Valley of British Columbia (Talonbooks, 1993) by Annie York, Richard Daly and Chris Arnett. Doris Lundy edited CRARA '77 (BC Provincial Museum, 1977), a 380-page copy of papers presented at the Fourth Biennial Conference of the Canadian Rock Art Research Associates.

[BCBW 2004] "Anthropology" "First Nations"