Reverend Melvin Swartout adopted the pseudonym Charles Haicks for an unpublished memoir of his visit to Village Island entitled On the West Coast of Vancouver Island (Victoria: BC Provincial Archives, n.d.). See also Alfred Carmichael entry.


Swartout, Melvin. Letter from Swartout to Rev Robert P. MacKay, 24 March 1900 Presbyterian Church in Canada Board of Foreign Missions fonds, Records pertaining to missions to the Aboriginal People in Western Canada, fonds 122/14, 79.200C-box 2-file 26 United Church of Canada/Victoria University Archives, Toronto

[BCBW 2006] "Missionaries"