DUNLOP, Herbert Francis




Author Tags: First Nations

Suspected of composing most of the text for Chief Dan George's published writing, Father Herbert Dunlop, O.M.I., also wrote a biography of one of most important and under-recognized Aboriginal leaders, Andy Paull: As I Knew Him and Understood His Times (Vancouver: The Order of the O.M.I. of St. Paul's Province, 1989).

Born on February 26, 1892, Andrew Paull attended St. Paul's school in North Vancouver, worked in a law office and as a longshoreman, then became an interpreter for the McKenna-McBride Royal Commission in 1913. Along with ethographer James Teit and Reverend Peter Kelly of the Haida, he led the Allied Indian Tribes of B.C. in refusing to accept the report of the McKenna-McBride Commission. In response, Kelly and Paull presented 17 proposals that included Aboriginal ownership of reserves, expansion of reserve lands, hunting and fishing rights, removal of various statutory restrictions and some compensation for infringements. When a joint parliamentary committee was convened to examine Aboriginal rights, appearances by Kelly and Paull in 1927 were sufficiently impressive and intimidating that the federal committee recommended changes to the Indian Act to outlaw the raising of funds for the purpose of supporting Aboriginal land claims. "The amendment quite simply made it impossible for any organization to exist if pursuing the land claim was one of its objectives," Paul Tennant later summarized in Aboriginal Peoples and Politics. The new provision led to the demise of the Allied Indian Tribes of B.C. As a sports journalist, Andrew Paull coordinated the renowned North Shore Indians lacrosse team in the 1930s and was long active in baseball and boxing.

In 1942 Paull became an organizer for the Native Brotherhood of B.C. (co-founded by Thomas Gosnell in 1929) but he soon splintered from that group to become president of his own North American Indian Brotherhood in 1943. Paull had a parting of the ways with the more conservative Peter Kelly in 1947 and spoke against enfranchisement for Aboriginals saying, “You would be merely selling your birthright for the doubtful privilege of putting a cross on a ballot every four years.” He was contradicted by Guy Williams and Chief William Scow, publisher of the newly formed Native Voice newspaper. They sought representation in a political system like the one adopted in New Zealand where Maoris automatically elected four representatives. Scow and Williams were mainstays of the Native Brotherhood of B.C. and were supported by white liberals of that era. Much less conciliatory towards whites, Andrew Paull died in Vancouver on July 28, 1959, and was inducted into the B.C. Sports Hall of Fame 40 years later.

Herbert Francis Dunlop joined the Oblate order in 1933 and was ordained in Ottawa in 1940. His first assignment at St. Paul's Parish in North Vancouver brought him into close contact with Squamish and Burrard band Aboriginals, including Paull who he saw on an almost daily basis in the early 1940s because they both lived beside the church and Paull continually used the rectory's telephone for various his sports, business and political activities. Dunlop later worked as Principal of residential schools at Sechelt, Kuper Island (opposite Chemainus) and Mission. He was also pastor of parishes in Lake Cowichan and Duncan before he became Superior of the Oblate Provincial House in Vancouver.

BOOKS:

Dunlop, Herbert Francis. Andy Paull: As I Knew Him and Understood His Times (Vancouver: The Order of the O.M.I. of St. Paul's Province, 1989).

[BCBW 2005] "Missionaries" "First Nations"