LITERARY LOCATION: Tobhta nan Craobh, aka the ruins of Mary MacLeod's house, at Berneray, Hebrides, Scotland. DIRECTIONS. Ruins can be found near the base of a silver beach shaped like a lazy 'S' on Berneray in the Outer Hebrides.

The story goes that exiled and silenced seventeeth-century Hebridean poet Mary MacLeod (Màiri nighean Alasdair Ruaidh) was banned from composing any song indoors or outdoors, so she defiantly wrote a song on her threshold instead. Hence Threshold (Leaf Press, 2015) is the name of Marilyn Bowering's tribute to the revered, rebel poet whose songs are still sung in the Hebrides. Bowering's poems are spare tributes, evoking Màiri as a sister poet.

Threshold includes an afterword about Bowering's Hebridean rambles to the islands of Harris (burial places of the MacLeods), Berneray (where Mary MacLeod lived), North Uist and South Uist in 2010, and about her history with Mary MacLeod. Those expecting a travelogue for the Hebrides or a Màiri biography must look elsewhere. Mary MacLeod was born c. 1615 on the island of Harris and died at Dunvegan c. 1707 on the island of Skye. Threshold was the co-winner of the Gwendolyn MacEwan Poetry Competition for Best Suite in 2013. The small book includes five colour and 16 black & white uncaptioned artsy, nature photos by Xan Shian (Bowering's daughter) who has lived and travelled in Scotland both with her family and on her own.

Marilyn Bowering of Sooke has received many awards for her writing including the Pat Lowther Award, the Dorothy Livesay Prize, the Ethel Wilson Prize and several National Magazine awards. She grew up in Victoria and has lived in the United States, Greece, Scotland, Spain and Canada.

Set on the coast of British Columbia, To All Appearances A Lady [see review below] is Bowering's historical novel that predates Paul Yee's 2015 novel as possibly the first work of fiction from B.C. that features Chinese characters as its main protagonists. In this fictional story a white woman ends up on D'Arcy Island near Victoria where Chinese lepers were marooned by the B.C. government, unable to leave, from 1891 until 1924.

Published seven years later, her second novel Visible Worlds won her the Ethel Wilson Fiction Prize and was shortlisted for the 1999 Orange Prize for Fiction. As a story about two disparate twin brothers who fight on opposite sides of World War II, Visible Worlds spans two World Wars, moving from the streets of Depression era Winnipeg to the polar ice caps of Siberia and into the Napalm-burned forests of Korea. In the middle of a football game, a mysterious light descends from the sky, enveloping the shattered body of an injured player. From that moment on, the world is forever changed.

Her third novel Cat's Pilgrimage is another multi-layered, wide-ranging and sometimes disturbing story, this time about a young heroine named Catherine who seeks her father and finds refuge in a Utopian community in England called Smallwood, seeped in mythology and inhabited by a rag-tag collection of lost souls. She discovers the difficulties of her previous life in a small Vancouver Island town with her mother still require resolution.

Bowering's follow-up novel, What It Takes to Be Human, owes its setting to the Colquitz Centre for the Criminally Insane, a Saanich facility that operated from 1916 to 1954. From 1971, that location has housed the Vancouver Island Regional Correctional Centre, popularly known as the Wilkinson Road Jail. [See review below.]

Including 45 previously unpublished poems, Bowering's Human Bodies: Collected Poems 1987-1999 reprints work from her collection about Marilyn Monroe, Anyone Can See I Love You; from her collection about the relationship between George Sand and Fryderyk Chopin, Love As It Is; from Calling All the World, about the launch of Sputnik II; and from Grandfather Was A Soldier, a meditation about death and memory in relation to battles at the Somme and Passchendaele. The volume opens with an appreciation by her publisher and friend Dave Godfrey.

Marilyn Bowering's Soul Mouth (Exile Editions) explores the story of childhood and the development of observation, sexuality, and spirituality through their connections to the animal world and nature.

DATE OF BIRTH: April 13, 1949


EMPLOYMENT OTHER THAN WRITING: Malaspina University-College


More Richly in Earth (McGill-Queens Univ. Press, 2024) $34.95 9780228021124
What is Long Past Occurs in Full Light (Mother Tongue, 2019) $21 978-1-896949-72-7
Threshold (Leaf Press, 2015) With photos by Xan Shian $20 978-1-926655-88-8
Soul Mouth (Exile Editions, 2013)
Green, Exile Editions, 2007
What It Takes to Be Human, Penguin, 2006
Cat's Pilgrimage, Harpercollins, 2004
The Alchemy of Happiness, BeachHolme, 2003
Human Bodies, BeachHolme, 1999
Visible Worlds, HarperCollins, 1997
Autobiography, BeachHolme, 1996
Love As It Is, BeachHolme, 1993
Calling All the World, BeachHolme, 1989
To All Appearances A Lady, Random House, 1989
Anyone Can See I Love You, Porcupine's Quill, 1987
Grandfather Was A Soldier, Press Porcepic, 1987
The Sunday Before Winter, General Publishing, 1984
Giving Back Diamonds, Press Porcepic, 1982
Sleeping With Lambs, Press Porcepic, 1980
The Visitors Have All Returned, Press Porcepic, 1979
Many Voices, edited with D. Day, J.J. Douglas, 1977
The Killing Room, Sono Nis Press, 1977
One Who Became Lost, Fiddlehead Poetry Books, 1976
The Liberation Of Newfoundland, Fiddlehead Poetry Books, 1973


Ethel Wilson Fiction Prize, 1998 (Visible Worlds).
Pat Lowther Award for poetry, 1997 (Autobiography, long poems)
Malahat Review, Long Poem Prize, 1994
Earth Peace International Film Festival, Heart of the Festival Award, UNICEF Award for Animation (with Ishu Patel), 1994
National Magazine Award for Poetry, 1978, 1989

[Photo: Barry Peterson & Blaise Enright-Peterson]

[Alan Twigg / BCBW 2015] "Fiction" "Poetry"