QUICK REFERENCE ENTRY:

Since the arrival of botanists José Mariano Moziáo and Archibald Menzies, and the ground-breaking treks of naturalist David Douglas, there have been hundreds of "outdoors"; titles from and about B.C. but few qualify as classic works of natural history. Of these, the co-authored, four-volume compilation known as The Birds of British Columbia is perhaps the most impressive, but one could also cite titles by the Cannings twins, Richard and Robert, as well as Andy Lamb and Phil Edgell's Coastal Fishes of the Pacific Northwest (1986), and Andy Lamb and Bernard Hanby's Marine Life of the Pacific Northwest: A Photographic Encyclopedia of Invertebrates, Seaweeds and Selected Fishes (2005).

The Birds of British Columbia was a 25-year project (with publications ranging from 1990 to 2001) led by R. Wayne Campbell, one of its seven co-authors. The others were Neil K. Dawe, Ian McTaggart-Cowan, John M. Cooper, Gary W. Kaiser, Andrew C. Stewart and Michael C.E. McNall. The four volumes in The Birds of British Columbia provide a wealth of information on the "ornithological history, environments, habitat, breeding habits, migratory movements, seasonality and distribution patterns"; of 472 species of birds. Over seven thousand birdwatchers and naturalists contributed their observations, including Chris Siddle who recorded more than 70,000 sightings.

A longtime curator of ornithology at the Royal B.C. Museum, Campbell also co-wrote The Reptiles of British Columbia (1984), a series of bird books for Lone Pine Publishing and he co-compiled A Bibliography of British Columbia Ornithology, Volume 1 (1979).

Campbell's scientific forefather was the eminent UBC zoologist Ian McTaggart-Cowan who taught from 1945 to 1975, serving as head of the zoology faculty from 1953 to 1964, and who served as a model for David Suzuki, hosting two widely seen programs on national television in the 1960s, The Living Sea and The Web of Life. McTaggart-Cowan died in 2010 at age 99. Campbell co-edited a biography, with Ronald D. Jakimchuk and Dennis A. Demarchi: Ian McTaggart-Cowan: The Legacy of a Pioneering Biologist, Educator and Conservationist (Harbour, 2014) $49.95. 978-1-55017-623-0.

We now know that seabirds account for less than 6% of the 316 species of birds in B.C. but there are more than 5.6 million seabirds from sixteen species that nest in 542 colonies in B.C. Five species account for 97% of breeding seabirds in B.C. They are Fork-tailed storm-petrel, Leach's storm-petrel, Ancient Murrelet, Cassin's Auklet and Rhinoceros Auklet. About 22% of all breeding B.C. seabirds are found on Triangle Island. Six seabird species nest in old growth forests; the most threatened of which is the Marbled Murrelet. The info is all lovingly and extensively provided in a four-decade project, Seabird Colonies of British Columbia: A Century of Changes (Biodiversity Centre for Wildlife Studies 2018), by a trio of authors with 127 years of combined seabird experience: Michael S. Rodway, R. Wayne Campbell and Moira J.F. Lemon. $40 Cdn. www.wildlifebc.org

[B.Sc. (1976, Biology and Geography), University of Victoria, BC; M.Sc. (1983, Forest Science), University of Washington, Seattle]

R. Wayne Campbell retired in 2000 having spent most of his professional life as a curator of vertebrates with the Cowan Vertebrate Museum at the University of British Columbia in Vancouver and Provincial Museum (now Royal British Columbia Museum) in Victoria. He finished the last few years of his career as a senior research scientist with the British Columbia Ministry of Environment in Victoria, completing the four-volume set The Birds of British Columbia as lead author.

He is an award-winning writer and has authored, co-authored, or contributed chapters to over 45 books and has penned nearly 650 articles on molluscs, echinoderms, amphibians, reptiles, birds, and mammals. He has been honored for his work with many awards including the Award of Excellence in Biology (now the Ian McTaggart-Cowan Award) from the Association of Professional Biologists of British Columbia (1989), the Order of British Columbia (1992), and two Commemorative Medals of Canada. He also received a Lifetime Achievement Award from the Federation of BC Naturalists (now Nature BC) and is an Honorary Life Member of the Vancouver Natural History Society.

He is co-founder of the non-profit organization Biodiversity Centre for Wildlife Studies (www.wildlifebc.org) and has served as associate editor of its bi-annual journal Wildlife Afield since its inception in 2004.

FULL ENTRY:

Born in Edmonton, Campbell moved to B.C. in 1944. He has worked with the provincial parks branch as a seasonal naturalist, a Curator of the Cowan Vertebrate Museum at UBC and as the Curator of Ornithology at the Royal British Columbia Museum. He has also worked as a Senior Research Scientist in the Wildlife Branch with the British Columbia Ministry of Environment. He co-authored the three volume The Birds of British Columbia with several other writers. The comprehensive book took 15 years to complete and was in considerable demand before its printing. In 2005, Birds of the Raincoast won the BC Booksellers' Choice Award in Honour of Bill Duthie. With Patrick Gregory he co-wrote The Reptiles of British Columbia (British Columbia Provincial Museum, 1984). He is also the co-author of a series for Lone Pine Publishing that includes Birds of Vancouver and Birds of Victoria and Vicinity. He has received numerous awards for his work, including the Order of British Columbia in 1992 and the Commemorative Medal of Canada. Campbell also co-compiled A Bibliography of British Columbia Ornithology, Volume 1 (Victoria: Provincial Museum, 1979).

[For other authors pertaining to natural history in British Columbia, see abcbookworld entries for Bandoni, R.J.; Blood, Donald A.; Bodsworth, Fred; Brayshaw, T. Christopher; Brown, Robert; Burbridge, Joan; Busch, Robert H.; Campbell, Susan; Carefoot, Thomas; Carrick, Doug; Corkran, Charlott; Croft, Philip; Davidson, John; De Maddalena, Alessandro; Delehanty Pearkes, Eileen; Douglas, George; Forsythe, Robert; Green, David M.; Greenfield, Tony; Gregory, Patrick T.; Guiguet, C.J.; Harcombe, Andrew; Hardy, G.A.; Hearne, Margo; Hitchcock, C. Leo; Horwood, Dennis; Hoyt, Erich; Hume, Mark; Hunter, Tom; Hutchings, Kevin; Jones, David; Kaiser, Peter; Klinka, A.; Kosloff, Eugene N.; Kozloff, Eugene; Lambert, Philip; Lansdowne, Fenwick; Lord, John Keast Ludvigsen, Rolf; Martin, Carol; Matsuda, Brent; McTaggart-Cowan, Ian; Merilees, Bill; Mudd-Ruth, Maria; Munro, J.; Nagorsen, David; Osgood, Wilfred; Owen, Audrey; Parham, H.J.; Parsons, Harry; Pasco, Juanita; Pearse, Theed; Penn, Briony; Pojar, Rosamund; Power, Margaret; Ricketts, Ed; Scagell, Robert; Seavy, Mary Lynn; Shackleton, David M.; Sheldon, Ian; Taylor, Keith; Taylor, T.M.C.; Waaland, Robert; Weston, J.; Whittington, Bruce; Yip, Mike.] @2010.

R. Wayne Campbell has been published by the Biodiversity Centre for Wildlife Studies, British Columbia Ministry of Environment, British Columbia Ministry of Forests, British Columbia Provincial Museum (now Royal British Columbia Museum), Centennial Wildlife Society of British Columbia, Environment Canada (formerly Canadian Wildlife Service), Discovery Press, Douglas & McIntyre Publishers, Harbour Publishing, Hemlock Printers Ltd., Hurtig Publishers Ltd., Lone Pine Publishing, Ucluelet Recreation Commission, University of British Columbia Press, Vancouver Natural History Society, and Victoria Natural History Society.
***
We now know that seabirds account for less than 6% of the 316 species of birds in B.C. but there are more than 5.6 million seabirds from sixteen species that nest in 542 colonies in B.C.

? Five species account for 97% of breeding seabirds in B.C. They are the Fork-tailed storm-petrel, Leach's storm-petrel, Ancient Murrelet, Cassin's Auklet and Rhinoceros Auklet.
? About 22% of all breeding B.C. seabirds are found on Triangle Island.
? Six seabird species nest in old growth forests; the most threatened of which is the Marbled Murrelet.

This info is all lovingly and extensively provided in Seabird Colonies of British Columbia: A Century of Changes (Biodiversity Centre for Wildlife Studies $40) by a trio of authors with 127 years of combined seabird experience: Michael S. Rodway, R. Wayne Campbell and Moira J.F. Lemon. www.wildlifebc.org
***

BOOKS & MAJOR PUBLICATIONS

1969
*Campbell, R. Wayne. 1969. Birding on the West Coast. Pages 12-16 In A Glance through the
Tofino-Ucluelet Area. Ucluelet Recreation Commission, Ucluelet, BC. 68 pp. [chapter]
*Campbell, R. Wayne. 1969. The Steller Sea-lion. Pages 10-11 In Ruth Chambers, editor. A Net of
Naturalists: Some Notable Naturalists in the Pacific Northwest. Victoria Natural History Society
Special Publication, Victoria, BC. 39 pp. [chapter]
1972
Campbell, R. Wayne, Michael G. Shepard, and Wayne C. Weber. 1972. Vancouver birds in 1971.
Vancouver Natural History Society Special Publication Number 2, Vancouver, British
Columbia. 88 pp.
1973
*Campbell, R. Wayne. 1973. Birds. Pages 157-198 In Kay M. Smith, Nancy J. Anderson, and Kay I. Beamish, editors. Nature West Coast. Discovery Press, Vancouver, BC. 283 pp. [Chapter]
*Campbell, R. Wayne. 1973. Land invertebrates: gastropods "stomach foot." Pages 269-271 In
Kay M. Smith, Nancy J. Anderson, and Kay I. Beamish, editors. Nature West Coast. Discovery Press, Vancouver, BC. 283 pp. [Chapter]
1974
Campbell, R. Wayne, Michael G. Shepard, Bruce A. MacDonald, and Wayne C. Weber. 1974.
Vancouver birds in 1972. Vancouver Natural History Society Publication Number 5,
Vancouver, BC. 96 pp.
1976
*Campbell, R. Wayne. 1976. Seabirds breeding on the Canadian west coast. Pages 39-65 In H.
Hosford, editor. Mountains and Seas: Selected Papers from a Conference. British
Columbia Provincial Museum Heritage Record No. 1, Victoria, BC. 65 pp. [Chapter]
1978
Hatler, David F., R. Wayne Campbell and Adrian Dorst. 1978. Birds of Pacific Rim National
Park. British Columbia Provincial Museum Occasional Paper Number 20, Victoria, BC. 194 pp.
1979
Campbell, R. Wayne and Harold Hosford. 1979. Attracting and feeding birds in British
Columbia. British Columbia Provincial Museum Methods Manual Number 7, Victoria, BC. 31
pp.
Campbell, R. Wayne, Harry R. Carter, Christopher D. Shepard and Charles J. Guiguet. 1979. A
bibliography of British Columbia ornithology ? Volume 1. British Columbia Provincial
Museum Heritage Record Number 7, Victoria, BC. 185 pp.
*Manuwal, David A. and R. Wayne Campbell. 1979. Status and distribution of breeding seabirds
of southeastern Alaska, British Columbia, and Washington. Pages 73-91 In J. C. Bartonek and
D. N. Nettleship, editors. Conservation of Marine Birds in Northern North America. United States
Department of the Interior Fish and Wildlife Service Wildlife Research Report Number 11,
Washington, DC. 315 pp. [Chapter]
*Munro, William T. and R. Wayne Campbell. 1979. Programs and authorities of the province of
British Columbia related to marine bird conservation. Pages 247-250 In J. C. Bartonek and D.
N. Nettleship, editors. Conservation of Marine Birds in Northern North America. United States
Department of the Interior Fish and Wildlife Service Wildlife Research Report Number 11,
Washington, D. C. 315 pp. [Chapter]
1982
Campbell, R. Wayne, Michael G. Shepard, Brigitta M. Van Der Raay, and Patrick T. Gregory.
1982. A bibliography of Pacific Northwest herpetology. British Columbia Provincial Museum
Heritage Record Number 14, Victoria, BC. 151 pp.
1983
Vermeer, Kees, Ian Robertson, R. Wayne Campbell, Gary Kaiser, and Moira Lemon. 1983.
Distribution and densities of marine birds on the Canadian west coast. Environment Canada
Canadian Wildlife Service, Edmonton, AB. 73 pp.
1984
*Campbell, R. Wayne. 1984. Wings over the water. Pages 95-117 In Islands Protection Society,
editors. Islands at the Edge: Preserving the Queen Charlotte Islands Wilderness. Douglas- McIntyre, Toronto, ON. 160 pp. [Chapter]
*Campbell, R. Wayne. 1984. British Columbia ? Fort Nelson area. Pages 44-47 In J.C. Finlay,
editor. A Bird-Finding Guide to Canada. Hurtig Publishers Limited, Edmonton, AB. 387 pp. [Site guide]
*Campbell, R. Wayne. 1984. British Columbia ? Fraser estuary and Reifel Refuge. Pages 26-28
In J.C. Finlay, editor. A Bird-Finding Guide to Canada. Hurtig Publishers Limited, Edmonton, AB. 387 pp. [Site guide]
*Campbell, R. Wayne. 1984. British Columbia ? Pacific Rim National Park. Pages 36-39 In J.C
Finlay, editor. A Bird-Finding Guide to Canada. Hurtig Publishers Limited, Edmonton, AB. 387 pp. [Site guide]
*Campbell, R. Wayne. 1984. British Columbia - pelagic (offshore waters) British Columbia.
Pages 39-40 In J.C. Finlay, editor. A Bird-Finding Guide to Canada. Hurtig Publishers Limited,
Edmonton, AB. 387 pp. [Site guide]
*Campbell, R. Wayne and Yorke Edwards. 1984. British Columbia ? Queen Charlotte Islands.
Pages 42-44 In J.C. Finlay, editor. A Bird-Finding Guide to Canada. Hurtig Publishers
Limited, Edmonton, AB. 387 pp. [Site guide]
*Campbell, R. Wayne and David Marks. 1984. British Columbia ? Iona Island and Sea Island.
Pages 24-26 In J.C. Finlay, editor. A Bird-Finding Guide to Canada. Hurtig Publishers
Limited, Edmonton, AB. 387 pp. [Site guide]
*Campbell, R. Wayne and Dave Mossop. 1984. British Columbia ? Haines Road/Chilkoot
Pass. Pages 47-48 In J.C. Finlay, editor. A Bird-Finding Guide to Canada. Hurtig Publishers
Limited, Edmonton, AB. 387 pp. [Site guide]
Campbell, R. Wayne, Eric D. Forsman and Brigitta M. Van Der Raay. 1984. An annotated
bibliography of literature on the Spotted Owl. British Columbia Ministry of Forests Land
Management Report Number 24, Victoria, BC. 115 pp.
Green, David M. and R. Wayne Campbell. 1984. The amphibians of British Columbia. British
Columbia Provincial Museum Handbook Number 45, Victoria, BC. 101 pp.
Gregory, Patrick T. and R. Wayne Campbell. 1984. The reptiles of British Columbia. British
Columbia Provincial Museum Handbook Number 44, Victoria, BC. 103 pp.
1985
Campbell, R. Wayne and Andrew P. Harcombe. 1985. Wildlife habitat handbooks for British
Columbia: standard taxonomic list codes of amphibians, reptiles, birds, and mammals.
British Columbia Ministry of Environment Wildlife Report Number R-11, Victoria, BC. 86
pp.
1987
Butler, Robert W. and R. Wayne Campbell. 1987. The birds of the Fraser River delta:
populations, ecology, and international significance. Canadian Wildlife Service Occasional Paper Number 65, Ottawa, ON. 73 pp.

1988
*Campbell, R. Wayne. 1988. The birds of the Queen Charlotte Islands. Pages 88-94 In R.J. Fox,
editor. The Wildlife of Northern British Columbia: Past, Present, and Future. Centennial Wildlife
Society of British Columbia Symposium, 27-29 November 1987. Smithers, BC. [Chapter]
Campbell, R. Wayne, Tracey D. Hooper, and Neil K. Dawe, and. 1988. A bibliography of British
Columbia ornithology ? Volume 2. Royal British Columbia Museum Heritage Record
Number 19, Victoria, BC. 591 pp.
Campbell, R. Wayne, Kenneth H. Morgan, and Calvor Palmateer. 1988. Wildlife habitat
handbooks for the southern interior ecoprovince. Volume 2: Species notes for selected birds.
British Columbia Ministry of Environment Wildlife Report Number R-16, Victoria, BC 131 pp.
Ritcey, Ralph, David Low, Alton S. Harestad, R. Wayne Campbell, and Andrew P. Harcombe.
1988. Wildlife habitat handbooks for the southern interior ecoprovince. Volume 5: Species-
Habitat Relationship Models for Mammals. British Columbia Ministry of Environment
Wildlife Report Number R-19, Victoria, BC. 245 pp.
1989
Bovey, Robin and R. Wayne Campbell. 1989. Birds of Vancouver. Lone Pine Publishing,
Edmonton, AB. 143 pp.
Bovey, Robin, R. Wayne Campbell, and Bryan R. Gates. 1989. Birds of Victoria. Lone Pine
Publishing, Edmonton, AB. 143 pp.
Turnbull, W. Graham and R. Wayne Campbell. 1989. Illustrated keys to the identification of
the birds of prey of British Columbia. British Columbia Conservation Officer Service
Information Report Series Number 1, Victoria, BC. 37 pp.
1990
*Campbell, R. Wayne. 1990. Birds. Pages 27-37 In R.A. Cannings and A.P. Harcombe, editors. The Vertebrates of British Columbia: Scientific and English Names. Royal British Columbia Museum Heritage Record Number 20; Wildlife Report No. R24, Ministry of Municipal Affairs, Recreation and Culture and Ministry of Environment, Victoria, BC. 116 pp. [Chapter]

Campbell, R. Wayne, Neil K. Dawe, Ian McTaggart-Cowan, John M. Cooper, Gary W. Kaiser, and
Michael C.E. McNall. 1990a. The birds of British Columbia ? Volume 1: Nonpasserines
(Introduction, loons through waterfowl). Royal British Columbia Museum, Victoria, BC. 535
pp.
Campbell, R. Wayne., Neil K. Dawe, Ian McTaggart-Cowan, John M. Cooper, Gary W. Kaiser, and
Michael C.E. McNall 1990b. The birds of British Columbia ? Volume 2: (Diurnal birds of prey
through woodpeckers). Royal British Columbia Museum, Victoria, BC. 632 pp.
1991

Campbell, Eileen C., R. Wayne Campbell, and Ronald T. McLaughlin. 1991. Waterbirds of the
Strait of Georgia. Hemlock Printers, Vancouver, BC. 60 pp.
1997
*Campbell, R. Wayne and Kenneth R. Summers. 1997. Vertebrates of Brooks Peninsula. Pages
12.1-12.39 In Brooks Peninsula: An Ice Age Refugium on Vancouver Island. (Richard J.
Hebda and James C. Haggarty, editors). British Columbia Parks Branch Occasional Paper No. 5,
Victoria, BC. [Chapter]
Campbell, R. Wayne, Neil K. Dawe, Ian McTaggart-Cowan, John M. Cooper, Gary W. Kaiser,
Michael C.E. McNall, and G.E. John Smith. 1997. The birds of British Columbia ? Volume 3:
Passerines (flycatchers through vireos). University of British Columbia Press, Vancouver, BC.
693 pp.
2001
Campbell, R. Wayne, Neil K. Dawe, Ian McTaggart-Cowan, John M. Cooper, Gary W. Kaiser,
Andrew S. Stewart, and Michael C.E. McNall. 2001. The birds of British Columbia, Volume
4: Passerines, wood-warblers through Old World sparrows. University of British Columbia
Press, Vancouver, BC. 739 pp.
Campbell, R. Wayne, Robin Bovey, and A. Bezener. Revised and updated edition. 2001. Birds of Vancouver and the Lower Mainland. Lone Pine Publishing, Edmonton, AB. 160 pp.

2004
Thommasen, Harvey, Kervin Hutchins, R. Wayne Campbell and Mark Hume. 2004. Birds of the
raincoast ? habits and habitats. Harbour Publishing, Madeira Park, BC. 222 pp.

2005
Campbell, R. Wayne, Gregory Kennedy, Krista Kagume, and Carmen Adams. 2005. Compact
guide to British Columbia birds. Lone Pine Publishing, Edmonton, AB. 192 pp.
2007
Campbell, R. Wayne, Michael I. Preston, and Linda M. Van Damme. 2007. British Columbia
nest record scheme 52nd annual report ? 2006 nesting season. Biodiversity Centre for
Wildlife Studies Report No. 8, Victoria, BC. 55 pp.
2008
Campbell, R. Wayne, Michael I. Preston, and Linda M. Van Damme. 2008. British Columbia
nest record scheme 53rd annual report ? 2007 nesting season. Biodiversity Centre for
Wildlife Studies Report No. 9, Victoria, BC. 54 pp.
2009
Campbell, R. Wayne and Gregory Kennedy. 2009. Birds of British Columbia. Lone Pine
Publishing, Edmonton, AB. 384 pp.
Campbell, R. Wayne, Michael I. Preston, Linda M. Van Damme, and Mark Nyhof. 2009. British
Columbia nest record scheme 54th annual report ? 2008 nesting season. Biodiversity
Centre for Wildlife Studies Report No. 10, Victoria, BC. 73 pp.
2010
Campbell, R. Wayne, Linda M. Van Damme, Mark Nyhof, and Michael I. Preston. 2010. British
Columbia nest record scheme 55th annual report ? 2009 nesting season. Biodiversity
Centre for Wildlife Studies Report No. 12, Victoria, BC. 92 pp.
Hoar, Tyler L., Ken De Smet, and R. Wayne Campbell, and Gregory Kennedy. 2010. Birds of
Canada. Lone Pine Publishing, Edmonton, AB. 528 pp.
2011
Campbell, R. Wayne, Linda M. Van Damme, Mark Nyhof, and Patricia Huet. 2011. British Columbia nest record scheme 56th annual report ? 2010 nesting season. Biodiversity Centre for Wildlife Studies Report No. 13, Victoria, BC. 104 pp.

2012

Campbell, R. Wayne, Linda M. Van Damme, Mark Nyhof, and Patricia Huet. 2012. British Columbia nest record scheme 57th annual report ? 2011 nesting season. Biodiversity Centre for Wildlife Studies Report No. 15, Victoria, BC. 110 pp.

2013

Campbell, R. Wayne and Phillip S. Henderson. 2013. An old-school naturalist: Glenn Roderick Ryder (1938-2013). Wildlife Afield 10 (2): 84-256.

Campbell, R. Wayne, Linda M. Van Damme, Mark Nyhof, and Patricia Huet. 2013. British Columbia nest record scheme 58th annual report ? 2012 nesting season. Biodiversity Centre for Wildlife Studies Report No. 16, Victoria, BC. 112 pp.

2014

Rodway, Michael S., R. Wayne Campbell, and Moira J.F. Lemon. 2014. Seabird colonies of British Columbia: A history to 1990. Biodiversity Centre for Wildlife Studies, Victoria, BC. 325 pp.
2015

Jakimchuk, Ronald D., R. Wayne Campbell and Dennis A. Demarchi. 2015. Ian McTaggart-Cowan: The legacy of a pioneering biologist, educator and conservationist. Harbour Publishing, Madeira Park, BC. 399 pp.

2016

Seabird Colonies of British Columbia: A Century of Changes (Biodiversity Centre for Wildlife Studies 2018) by Michael S. Rodway, R. Wayne Campbell and Moira J.F. Lemon. $40 Cdn. Issn: 1712-2880

[BCBW 2017]