Patricia E. Roy, a native of British Columbia, is professor emeritus of History at the University of Victoria where she taught Canadian history for many years. Her own research has been mainly In the field of British Columbia history and she is best known for her trilogy of books on the responses to Chinese and Japanese immigrants: A White Man's Province (1989); The Oriental Question (2003), and The Triumph of Citizenship (2007). All were published by UBC Press. She continues to publish articles in that field. Her most recent book is Boundless Optimism: Richard McBride's British Columbia (2012), also published by UBC Press.

Patricia Roy has also the leading academic authority on anti-Asian policies in British Columbia. Born in New Westminster in 1939, she received a B.A. (1960) and Ph.D. (1970) from UBC and an M.A. (1963) from the University of Toronto. Her M.A. thesis was "Railways, Politicians and the Development of Vancouver as a Metropolitan Centre, 1886-1929". She began teaching history at the University of Victoria in 1966.

Her writing career has chiefly examined how and why British Columbians changed their originally tolerant attitudes towards Asian immigrants and workers during colonial times, opting for outright racist practices and rhetoric to preserve 'a white man's province'. In Mutual Hostages and The Triumph of Citizenship she examines how the fear of physical attacks on the Japanese in Canada might have given the Japanese military an excuse to take reprisals against Canadian and British prisoners of war and, that this concern, rather than doubts about the loyalty of Japanese Canadians, explains the removal of the Japanese from the coast. She quotes Prime Minister Mackenzie King's diary entry on February 19, 1942: "It is going to be a very great problem to move the Japanese and particularly to deal with the ones who are naturalized Canadians or Canadian-born. There is every possibility of riots. Once that occurs, there will be repercussions in the Far East against our own prisoners. Public prejudice is so strong in B.C. that it is going to be difficult to control the situation." A follow-up study, The Triumph of Citizenship: The Japanese and Chinese in Canada, 1941-67, was nominated for the Hubert Evans Non-Fiction Prize in 2008.

Roy is also the co-author of British Columbia: The Illustrated History of Canada (Oxford, 2005), volume five in the series, containing approximately 150 paintings, drawings and maps. "Virtually the pictures were created by men, and virtually all those men were of European background, especially British," they write.

Premier of B.C. from 1903 to 1915, Richard McBride was a devout Imperialist but a dedicated British Columbian, as outlined by Patricia Roy in her political biography Boundless Optimism: Richard McBride's British Columbia (UBC Press $95). While quarreling with Ottawa, he spurred economic growth and the expansion of railways.

Review of the author's work by BC Studies:
British Columbia: Land of Promises
Mutual Hostages: Canadians and Japanese during the Second World War
Shashin: Japanese Canadian Photography to 1942
White Man's Province: British Columbia Politicians and Chinese and Japanese Immigrants, 1858-1914
Vancouver: An Illustrated History
Boundless Optimism: Richard McBride's British Columbia


BOOKS

The Chinese in Canada (Canadian Historical Association, 1985) with Jin-Yan Tan.

A History of British Columbia: Selected Readings (Copp Clark Pittman, 1989) editor. 978-0773046801

A White Man's Province: British Columbia Politicians and the Chinese and Japanese, 1858-1914 (UBC Press, 1989)

Vancouver: An Illustrated History (Lorimer 1980)

Mutual Hostages: Canadians and Japanese During the Second World War (University of Toronto Press, 1990) with J.L. Granatstein, Masako Iino, and Hiroko Takamura. Japanese translation by Masako Iino, and Hiroko Takamura. (Minerva Press, Tokyo, 1993)

The Oriental Question: Consolidating a White Man's Province, 1914-41 (UBC Press, 2003)

British Columbia: The Illustrated History of Canada (Oxford, 2005). With John Herd Thompson.

The Triumph of Citizenship: The Japanese and Chinese in Canada, 1941-67 (UBC Press, 2007) 9780774813808

Contradictory Impulses: Canada and Japan in the Twentieth Century (UBC Press, 2008). Co-edited with Greg Donaghy.

Boundless Optimism: Richard McBride's British Columbia (UBC Press, 2012) $95.00 978-0-7748-2388-3

[Alan Twigg / BCBW 2017] "Racism" "Japanese" "Chinese" "History of B.C."